Kalat is a historic and culturally rich town in Balochistan, Pakistan, known for its scenic beauty, orchards, and the Royal Palace of Kalat. This town has a special connection with Pakistan's founding father, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and has played a significant role in the history of the region.
The first Indo-Pakistani War, also known as the First Kashmir War, commenced in October 1947 and lasted until December 1948. This conflict arose just after the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan. It was triggered by the dispute over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh, initially sought to remain independent but eventually acceded to India, leading to Pakistan's military intervention. The war resulted in significant casualties on both sides and ended with the establishment of the Line of Control, effectively dividing Kashmir into regions administered by Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) and India. This unresolved conflict sowed the seeds of enduring tension and subsequent conflicts between the two nations over the Kashmir region.
Dr. Amarjit Singh : Re-Visiting History-Rise/Fall of Sikh Empire in 18th/19th Century
Video on the First India/Pakistan War in 1948
Story of Pakistan - Episode 6 | Kashmir; An Unfinished Saga (1947 - 1948) | Shan | 13 Aug 2020| ISPR